Common foot problems

Footech President

Jacques Martin, D.S.S., B.Sc., C.Ped.
President, Footech Inc., Certified Pedorthist

Plantar fasciitis
plantar fasciitisPlantar fasciitis is an inflammatory condition caused by excessive wear to the plantar fascia of the foot. The pain usually is felt on the underside of the heel, and is often most intense with the first steps of the day. It is commonly associated with long periods of weight bearing. Obesity, weight gain, jobs that require a lot of walking on hard surfaces, shoes with little or no arch support and inactivity are also associated with the condition.
Metatarsalgia
MetatarsalgiaMetatarsalgia is a general term used to denote a painful foot condition in the metatarsal region of the foot (the area just before the toes, more commonly referred to as the ball-of-the-foot). This is a common foot disorder that can affect the bones and joints at the ball-of-the-foot. Metatarsalgia (ball-of-foot-pain) is often located under the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th metatarsal heads, or more isolated at the first metatarsal head (near the big toe).
Morton’s Neuroma
Morton's Neuroma Morton's Neuroma is a common foot problem associated with pain, swelling and/or an inflammation of a nerve, usually at the ball-of-the-foot between the 3rd and 4th toes. Symptoms of this condition include sharp pain, burning, and even a lack of feeling in the affected area. Morton's Neuroma may also cause numbness, tingling, or cramping in the forefoot.
Rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritisThere are several forms of arthritis or arthritic type conditions that can affect the joints of the feet and the lower legs. All of which cause pain, inflammation and limited movement of the joints. The most common are: rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, psoriatic and gout.
Bunions
BunionsBunions (prominent bumps on the inside of the foot around the big toe joint) are one of the most common forefoot problems. This bump is actually a bone protruding towards the inside of the foot. The discomfort commonly causes a patient to walk improperly.
Pes Cavus
Pes CavusThis biomechanical problem is most common in a person with a rigid, high arch, called a cavus foot. This type of foot usually does not pronate (roll inward) enough. As a result, the weight of the body falls only on the heel and bases of the toe, increasing stress on the foot.
Post-tib Tendonitis/rupture
Post-Tib TendonitisPost-Tib Tendonitis is a strain placed on the posterior tibial tendon. This can lead to heel pain, arch pain, plantar fasciitis and/or heel spurs. With post-tib tendonitis, pain will be more severe upon weight bearing, especially while walking or running.
Plantar Ulceration
Plantar UlcerationThe plantar ulcer is a disabling complication commonly occurring in patients with diabetes and leprosy. Due to the loss of pain sensation, the patient has no natural awareness to protect themselves from the dangers that normally cause pain and discomfort.

Note: The above should only be used as a guideline. Each patient’s prescription should be individualized to take into account their particular foot disorder and any underlying medical problems such as diabetes, peripheral vascular disease, etc.

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